The Hindu Daily News Analysis

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Fact Based News/Highlights for Objective Exams

Front Page

  • PM Modi announced new post of Chief of Defence Staff on Independence Day
  • PM Modi appealed farmers to reduce the use of chemical fertilisers and to keep 20-25% of their land free from any chemicals.
  • PM Modi encouraged small families and population control.
  • PM Modi set a goal to free the country from Single Use Plastics before 2nd October 2019.
  • 3.5 lakh crore rupees set aside for Jal Jeevan Mission for water conservation.
  • United Nations Security Council held a closed-­door meet on Kashmir. 
  • PM reviewed economic policies with Finance Minister and other officials.  
  • Supreme Court turned down Assam's plea to extend the deadline to 31 August for the re-verification of 3.29 crore applicants  in the NRC. Assam CM Sarbananda Somwal clarified the demand by saying that he doesn't want the inclusion of any illegal foreigner and the exclusion of any Indian from the register.



  • Free bus rides for women in Delhi from October 29th.
  • Delhi High Court amended Rule 7 on designating new senior advocates.
  • The transgender community is unhappy with the Transgender Persons (Protection Of Rights) Bill passed in Lok Sabha on August 5.
  • Model of INS Kolkata installed in front of FTK­CIT building in Jamia Milia Islamia.
  • In Haryana, a data base of all families in the State is being prepared on the pattern of developed countries to ensure that people get the benefts of various social security schemes at their doorstep.


  • Boys and girls from Tiwa tribe perform their traditional dance during the Independence Day celebrations in Guwahati. 


  • The total death toll in the past three weeks arising from flood or rain related accidents across five districts in western Maharashtra has risen to 50.
  • Chhattisgarh CM Bhupesh Baghel  hikes reservation Quota for OBCs to 27% and SCs to 13%.


  • The death toll in Kerala in rain havoc has now risen to 108 and as many as 34 people are still missing.
  • The Kagaznagar Forest Range Officer, Chole Anita was awarded the prestigious K.V.S. Babu IFS, Memorial Gold Medal during the Forest Department’s Independence Day celebrations at Telangana Forest Academy in Dhulapally on the outskirts of Hyderabad.
  • Tamil Nadu CM Edappadi K. Palaniswami announced the formation of 2 new districts Tirupattur and Ranipet by splitting Vellore.


  • Army officials confirm 3 Pakistani soldiers dead in the ceasefire violations across the LOC.
  • Army officials deny the Pakistani claim that 5 Indian troops had been killed.
  • CRPF won 75 gallantry medals (highest this year) including 1 Kirti Chakra, 2 Shaurya Chakras and J&K Police won 61(second highest).
  • IAF Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman was awarded with the Vir Chakra, India's third-highest gallantry medal, while five other IAF pilots honored with Vayu Seva Medal.


  • In an effort to address deadly human traffic jams on Mount Everest and weed out inexperienced climbers, Nepali officials on Wednesday formally proposed new safety rules that could significantly reduce the number of permits issued for the world’s highest peak. Nepal has proposed to tighten regulations after a series of mishaps last season. 
  • Senior officials of 16 countries, including India, China and Australia, which are negotiating  the mega free trade agreement RCEP, will meet in Indonesia next week to iron out differences in areas such as goods and services. 
  • Global markets gripped by recession fears. 
  • An unexploded Second World War era bomb was found in the grounds of the Kremlin in Moscow during construction works. It was taken out and defused. Kremlin was bombed by the Nazis in 1941 and 1942. 
  • Myanmar insurgents killed at least 15 people on Thursday, most of them members of the security forces, in attacks on an elite military college and other government targets in the country’s north. 
  • Norway’s nuclear safety authority is analysing tiny amounts of radioactive iodine detected in the air in northern Norway in the days after a deadly explosion during a rocket engine test over the border in Russia. 
  • Trump has advised China to resolve Hong Kong Crisis humanely.


  • A Bench headed by The National Green Tribunal (NGT) chairperson Justice Adarsh Kumar Goel, has directed the Delhi Development Authority (DDA) to take requisite steps in curbing illegal dumping of garbage in Neela Hauz Lake.
  • The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has refused to modify an earlier order where it had directed the Delhi Cantonment Board (DCB) to contribute ₹10 crore for clearing landfill sites in the Capital.

Business & Economy

  • Syndicate Bank is launching a comprehensive customer mind-mapping study with a view to increase revenue from each customer and also to enhance customer stickiness. Some 4.9­ crore customers, both retail and corporate, will be part of the study.
  • At a recent meeting with officials, Plastic Industry sought allocation of 25% of the land available at all industrial corridors for MSMEs at discounted rates.
  • Reliance Capital profit surges to ₹1,218 crore.
  • GMR Infrastructure’s loss widens to ₹334.85 crore.
  • ONGC to invest ₹83,000 crore in 25 projects. The cumulative oil and gas gain from these projects is expected to be over 180 million metric tonnes of oil equivalents in their life-cycle. 
  • Nearly 2.2 lakh housing units, worth ₹1.56 lakh crore, launched in 2011 and before across seven major Indian cities are yet to be completed by real estate developers, according to property consultant JLL India.


  • Ramalingam Senthil Kumar and Manas Dhamne won their singles matches helping India to a 2­1 victory over Indonesia in a league match of the Asian under-­12 tennis championship in Kazakhstan.
  • Ashleigh Barty defeated Maria Sharapova in her Cincinnati WTA opener.
  • Brendon McCullum is KKR head coach.
  • Stand­in goalkeeper Adrian was the hero as his save from Tammy Abraham helped Liverpool defeat Chelsea 5­4 on penalties and win the UEFA Super Cup.
  • Former India and Tamil Nadu opener VB Chandrasekhar passes away at age 57. Police suspects suicide.


  • Queen of middle-ground cinema, actress Vidya Sinha passes away at age 71. Her roles in Rajnigandha and Yahi Sach Hai won her fame.

Science & Tech

  • New cure for deadly strain of tuberculosis. Earlier, patients had to take 30-40 pills everyday for 2 years but this new cure requires just 3 drugs a day for 6 months. The treatment regimen was studied at three sites in South Africa involving 109 patients and achieved a 90% success rate after six months of treatment and six months of post­-treatment followups.
  • Researchers in Singapore have invented ‘smart’ clothing they say can boost signals and save battery life on wireless devices such as headphones and smart watches.

In-depth analysis, Editorials and Opinions for Descriptive Papers/Essays

The Chief of Defence Staff

  • The CDS will be a single-point military adviser to the government and synergise long-term planning, procurements, training and logistics of the three services. This will result in better coordination between the forces.
  • This is expected to save money by avoiding duplication between the services, at a time of shrinking capital expenditure within the defence budget.
  • “The Defence Ministry will constitute an implementation committee which will finalise the modalities which is expected to take few months,” a defence source said.
  • General Bipin Rawat is expected to be the first CDS of India as he has tenure till December 31 and would be the senior-most officer after Air Chief Marshal B.S. Dhanoa, also the current Chairman of Chiefs of Staff Committee (COSC), who retires on September 30.
  • Currently, the senior-most of the three chiefs functions as the Chairman of the COSC but it is an  additional role and the tenures have been very short.
  • The demand for CDS was being made since the Kargil War. General VP Malik (retd.) who was the Chief of the Army Staff during the Kargil War has thanked PM Modi in a tweet.
  • The CDS is also one of the 99 recommendations made by the Lt. General D.B. Shekatkar (retd.) Committee which submitted its report in December 2016 and had 34 recommendations pertaining to tri-service integration. Read about the Shekhatkar Committee report in detail here.
  • Speaking to The Hindu on the announcement, Lt. Gen. Shekatkar said that with the fast changing security and defence environment, this was the right moment for India to have a CDS.
  • He said that during the Kargil conflict, if India had a CDS it would not have suffered so many casualties in the initial stages as the Indian Air Force took time to come in support and “so it was felt there is need for a central point authority who can advise the government”.  “There are three different agencies buying the same thing. You are wasting the resources,” he added.
  • USA has a Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staffs Committee (CJCSC) which is almost equivalent to our CDS.
  • UK has a permanent secretary and also a CDS.

Jal Jeevan Mission

  • It comes under the control of Department of Drinking Water and Ssanitation
  • Aims and Objectives
    • Piped water supply to all rural households by 2024.
    • Creation of local infrastructure for rainwater harvesting, groundwater recharge and management of household wastewater for reuse in agricultre.
    • Integrated demand and supply side management of water at local level.
    • Will converge with other central and state government schemes.

Kisan Network App

  • Ashish Mishra and his friend Sidhant Bhomia, both IIT-Khargpur alumni, launched the agriculture start-up, named ‘TheKrishi’, in January 2018. This app is developed by them and has already been downloaded more than 6 lakh times.
  • Currently it is available in Hindi but in future, it will be made available in South Indian languages also.
  • Through the Kisan Network App, users can connect with more than 200 experts, mostly farmers with expertise in different crops and modes of agriculture.
  • The farmers will get all the knowledge to help them boost their produce and increase their income.
  • The farmers can read text and watch visuals to get knowledge about various government schemes.
  • Modern agriculture practices like mixed farming, micro irrigation, etc are also uploaded in the app.
  • Most important features are the weather prediction feature and a feature which identifies various crop diseases. The farmer can take a picture of the diseased plant/tree and the farmer will receive all the necessary information about the disease.
  • The app also locates the nearest mandis so that the farmers can sell their produce and buy stuff like pesticides, etc.

Transgenders' Rights

On August 5, Lok Sabha passed the Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill 2019. The Transgender community is not happy with this bill. They say that the government is making laws for them without consulting them. Read this article to know better.

Lessons after the great Deluge

Kerala needs to adopt watershed-based master planning and review building byelaws

  • Kerala has a unique geography. It has terrain with 900m high elevations of the Western Ghats and also the coast of Malabar. This has resulted in a land with a vast riverine network. It is a lifeline that supports a very fertile land, some of the most singular flora, fauna and also a people and their lives in a symbiotic way.
  • But recent large scale urbanisation in Kerala is posing a big threat to the nature and the government needs to do something about it. 
  • Substantial portions of revenue lands in the State are wetlands and forests, which has resulted in a shortage of build-able land parcels.
  • Though plans and laws such as Integrated Water Resources Management or Coastal Regulation Zone Notification hold key solutions to natural disasters that are linked to water management, most of them are not implemented or followed to the letter. A lack of holistic and coordinated measures within planning departments has resulted in further problems. 
  • The need of the hour is for a review and revision of building bye-laws for urban and rural areas in accordance with bettering environmental sustainability. 
  • In 2017, a judgement of the High Court of Kerala mandating the inclusion of a clause in building rules, and which said that ‘natural drains and streams shall not be obstructed by this development/building permit’, has yet to come into effect. 
  • Further, the Kerala Conservation of Paddy Land and Wetland Act, 2008 — it has immense potential to preserve such land as natural watershed buffers — has suffered too many dilutions even as rampant reclamation of paddy lands continues. The absence of a data bank on paddy lands and wetlands as mandated by the law, has only exacerbated the issue.

Master plan focus 

  • First, there must be a demarcation of ecologically sensitive zones using existing village survey maps and public participation. There must be clear land use plan for these zones specifying flood plains, protected forest areas, agricultural and plantation zones, with details of the types of crops, building usages permitted and the density of buildings permitted. 
  • Second, to compensate owners in non-buildable areas, there must be strategies such as Transfer of Development Rights to buildable zones in cities. 
  • Third, the master plan should focus on permitting only ecologically sensitive building strategies for these areas by proposing new construction techniques. Controlled development can be proposed using building height rules, floor area ratio control, and restrictions on cutting and filling natural land.
  • Fourth, strategies to make sure that all infrastructure projects are carried out in a scientific manner withstrict scrutiny must be specified. This should include roads built on difficult terrain and all public infrastructure projects in wetlands and the High Ranges.

Global Planning

  • After the floods in Kerala in 2018, the Chief Minister’s team visited the Netherlands to learn how cities with high levels of a water footprint are dealing with climate change issues. Copenhagen in Denmark, which faces a similar problem of repeated flooding, has come up with active cloudburst responsive planning as a process to develop the city in line with climate change needs. Though we cannot just transfer or have carbon copy solutions from Europe, we must learn from each experience in order to collectively formulate strategies that address our needs.
  • Furthermore, post-disaster management of land and geography needs imaginative actions by the authorities and people in order to reverse the damage already done. The floods in 2018 brought high levels of silt from the highlands, reducing river depths and narrowing river mouths. A year later, this silt has not been cleared, reducing the carrying capacity of rivers. Serious strategies are required by the government and the people to reclaim groundwater percolation and flood plains. Legal processes and byelaws need revisions. The water footprint needs to be reinstated, and the relationship with water resources rebuilt. This may be the only way we can face a future of changing weather patterns.

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